Ankle / Foot

Ligament Sprain

About Ligament Repair

Ankle sprains are a common injury that cause damage to the ligaments around the ankle. The most commonly injured ligament is the lateral ligament complex which is composed of the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) , calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) and posterior talofibular ligament (PTFL). In many cases the injury to the ligaments is incomplete and/or the ligaments heal in a manner that stability is restored to the ankle joint. In some cases however the ligaments heal poorly and the result is an unstable ankle joint.

The Symptoms

The symptoms of ankle instability are pain, swelling, recurrent ankle sprains and ankle weakness. Initial treatment is a program of exercises and bracing to attempt to control the instability by utilizing secondary stabilizers. If this fails then surgical treatment is recommended.

Fascia/Tendon Tear

About Fascia/Tendon

Plantar fasciitis, achilles tendonitis, posterior tibial tendonitis, peroneal tendonitis etc are all degenerative/overuse conditions that result in damage/tearing of the fascia and tendon of the ankle and foot. Symptoms of these conditions include pain, swelling, limping, and painful shoe wear. These injuries can often be initially treated with oral anti-inflammatory medications, steroid injections, orthotics and physical therapy.

If unresponsive to medical treatment, surgical repair is often recommended. Surgical debridement and repair of the fascia and/or tendon is performed on an outpatient basis. Recovery time is variable depending on the extent of the procedure.


About Fractures

Fracture of the leg, ankle and foot is a common injury pattern. These injuries typically result from severe twisting or direct impact. The resulting skeletal injury is typically evident immediately in the form of rapid swelling, pain and difficulty or inability to bear weight in the injured leg. The bone(s) involved and the pattern of the fracture dictates the treatment method of choice. Certain fractures are so stable that no casting or immobilization is required. Non-displaced fractures are often adequately treated with cast immobilization. Displaced fractures, fractures that involve the joint surface, or fractures that disrupt the integrity of the ankle socket typically require surgical treatment.


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